Epistemology June 2022

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TRANSLATING CULTURAL BOUND LEXICONS OF THE HOLY QUR’AN: CHALLENGES & SOLUTIONS AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF SELECTED QUR’ANIC CULTURAL BOUND LEXICONS TRANSLATED INTO ENGLISH
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

1-10

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1. Dr. Muhammad Nawaz 2. Dr. Muhammad Nawaz

Abstract:

It is manifested that the basic requirement for rendering the meanings of the Holy Qur‟an is result of the extensive and continued spread of the teachings of Islam in numerous languages in the world. Translating the meanings of the Holy Qur‟an into other language is considered most significant job for transferring the divine message of the Holy Qur‟an which is full of intuition, teaching and countless values and principles, to human beings faithfully and accurately. Translating the Qur‟anic cultural lexicons into other languages especially into English is termed as more challenging and problematic task for translators due to cultural, structural, semantic and lexical variances between Arabic and English language. This study highlights the challenges and problems of translating Qur‟anic cultural bound lexicons facing translators while translating process of the sensitive Qur‟anic text which is full of various rhetoric devices. This study also explores some solutions of the challenges encountered during translating procedure by adopting various techniques and strategies. This study investigates to what extent English translatorsuccesses to overcome the translating the intended meanings of cultural bound lexicons for transferring the natural meanings and expressions of Holy Qur‟an with naturalness, faithfulness and accuracy without occurrence of any type of distortion of meaning at any level. This study analysis some selected Qur‟anic cultural bound lexicons translated into English by Pikhtall focusing on the adequacy and suitability of the solutions based on translating strategies and techniques for achieving accuracy, naturalness and faithfulness in transferring the intended meanings of the Holy Qur‟an to the readers of the target text. This study ends in presenting some findings and recommendations for finding out the adequate solutions to overcome the problems being faced during translating process of Qur‟anic cultural bound lexicons.

Keyword(s):

The Holy Qur‟an, Translation, Cultural Bound Lexicons, Challenges and Solutions..

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THE REAL STATUS OF SUNNAH: A CRITIQUE OF DANIEL BROWN’S VIEWS
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

11-25

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1. Dr. Muhammad Najm-ul-Hassan 2.Prof. Dr. Manzoor Ahmad 3. Hafiz Muhammad Hanif

Abstract:

This article addresses to the questions about the status of Sunnah, raised by a contemporary orientalist Danial W. Brown. In the first Chapter of his book „Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought‟, he has divided the Muslims‟ views about Sunnah into two groups; before al-Shafiʻ i and after him, and then tried to show that there appeared a remarkable change in Sunnah‟s status with alShafiʻ i. According to him, the early Muslims (before al-Shafiʻ i) neither differentiated various sources of Islamic law i.e. Quran and Sunnah, nor gave Sunnah of Muhammad (SAW) precedence over the Sunnahs of the Companions, notably the early Caliphs. He thinks that the ranking of revealed material only aimed at justifying the point of view of one‟s liking. He also claims that main cause of the isnad system was to discredit authorities of the opponent and to tear apart his isnads and that legal reasoning before al-Shafi„ihad been hadithfree. This study tries to clarify such ambiguities created by Daniel Brown and indicates the real status of Sunnah among the Muslims of all ages.

Keyword(s):

Quran, Sunnah, Hadith, before al-Shafiʻ i, after alShafiʻ i, modern Muslim.

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RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE (RAWADARI) IN MODERN ERA: IN THE LIGHT OF THE SERRAH OF HOLY (صلى الله عليه وسلم) PRO
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

26-34

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

Dr. Riaz Ahmad

Abstract:

The social values of Islamic Culture play a pivotal role in establishing a peaceful society. Today we have multidimensional society where people belong to different religions live, so we need to promote mutual tolerance for a peaceful society. In this context, Islamic teachings are very clear. Each individual of a society deserves the right to benefit from all general facilities. To promote tolerance and to gain peace, Islam does not apply the condition of being a Muslim on its subjects. Rather allowing all to follow their respective religions, Islam asks the Muslims not to do any sort of disfavour to the non-Muslim. Islam encourages Muslims to have friendly and brotherly relations with others. The current image of Islam that depicts this pure religion as one that promotes intolerance and disruption in a society is contradictory to the teachings of Quran and Sunnah. That is why we need to study the true spirit of Islam and follow the way of the Holy prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (to bring forth the real representative picture of Islam. Doing this will save this world from the clash of civilization and spreading the bad impression of Islam .This paper explores the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (perspective of this mutual tolerance, and derives an easily accessible rout to achieve this direly needed theology.

Keyword(s):

Non-Muslim, tolerance, equality, Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم ,( present era,

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ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF COEXISTENCE IN SOCIAL LIFE AND Mithāq-e-Medina.
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

35-47

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Dr. Muhammad Ajmal Farooq 2. Dr. Muhammad Tayyeb Nadeem 3. Dr. Abulhasan Muhammad Shah Al-Azhari

Abstract:

: The demographic composition of religious groups in general and Muslim population growth projections in contemporary world in particular, due to their present and future social, economic and political perspectives and anticipated outcomes, underline the need for a framework for harmony coexistence between Muslim and non-Muslim societies. This paper draws inspiration from Mithāq-e-Medinato construe such a framework for ongoing interfaith dialogue in different parts of the world. The Treaty of Medina provides an outline that covers different sensitive points of social, economic, political, and diplomatic differences among the followers of different religions “grouped as believers” to create a harmonious interfaith environment for peaceful coexistence and settlement of issues, conflicts and disputes. The Treaty can be used by recontextualizing its spirit for aligning it with interfaith demands of today‟s world. This paper ventures to move on that direction and suggests that the best possible way out is to focus on interfaith similarities to begin with and keep the differences out of any dialogue on the subject. The starting point is the word “believers” used in the Treaty of Medina. What are the common beliefs among the followers of different religions in a society? What are the teachings of the Quran? What steps were taken by the Holy Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) to promote a harmonious interfaith environment for peaceful coexistence as a religious leader and ruler.

Keyword(s):

Islam, Social Life, Treaty of Medina, Religious harmony, Coexistence, Interfaith Dialogue.

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BIBLICAL CONCEPTS OF HUMAN NATURE AND DEATHAN ANALYTICAL AND COMPARATIVE STUDY IN THE LIGHT OF ISLAMIC TEACHINGS
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

48-58

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Ayesha Sabeen 2. Prof. Dr. Muhammad Hammad Lakhvi

Abstract:

Human nature is a debatable topic. The views on several aspects of human nature vary from philosophers to philosophers. One such aspect is how the concept of death plays a role in human nature. Death is such a serious issue, that it can change the way we view and live our lives. Life after death is a mysterious as it is frightening. This paper is an overview of the beliefs of Islam and bible about death and human nature. There are many similarities between these traditions but there are quite a few differences also. This is with regards to what has been mentioned in the Judeo- Christian Scriptures

Keyword(s):

Man, Human Nature, Death, Old Testament, New Testament, Quran, Hadith

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PATERNAL INHERITANCE OF DAUGHTER- AN ANALYSIS BASED ON ISLAM AND LAWS PREVALENT IN PAKISTAN
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

59-71

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Sehrish Neik Ch 2. Syeda Minaa Faisal 3.Dr. Abida Hassan

Abstract:

Islam is that perfect religion among all which recognized the rights of inheritance of daughter’s many centuries ago. With the passage of time, research and enactments of laws became core reason among different schools of thoughts to have their diverse opinion regarding inheritance being more strength in Pakistan. Under qualitative approach, literature examines inheritance rights of daughters, their hypothetical, applied and legal exemplars and variance in modern Muslim jurisprudence. This article also intends to analyses the germane state laws in force, reconnoitering the hitches and providing portentous rational solutions and commendations for fair execution and execution of Woman inheritance in Pakistan.

Keyword(s):

inheritance, paternal right of daughter, equality of women.

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ISSUES AND APPLICATION OF FAMILY LAWS IN PAKISTAN: AN OVERVIEW
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

72-83

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Aatir Rizvi 2. Hafiz Muhammad Mudassar 3. Muhammad Azeem Farooqi

Abstract:

‘Family law’ is that branch of law which regulates family relations within the society. The matters being dealt within the ambit of family law are marriage, divorce, dower, dowry, paternity, maintenance, succession and custody of children and allied matters thereto. In Pakistan, numerous laws deal with different family matters. Judiciary and ulema have played their role in the development of family law in Pakistan. Due to the abrupt changes in family structure, the State is facing many issues when it comes to the adjudication upon matters allied to family life. These issues need to be resolved holistically and proactively. This article will provide an overview of different family law enactments pertaining to Muslims and also provide an analysis of these laws at the end.

Keyword(s):

Family law; Pakistan; Acts; Islamic law

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INTELLECTUAL EVOLUTION TO PHILOSOPHICAL APPROACH IN CONSTANTIN VIRJILGHEORGHIU AND MUHAMMED ASAD’S UNDERSTANDING OF ISLĀMAN ANALYTICAL STUDY
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

84-96

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Dr. Tahira Abdul Quddus 2. Dr. Fozia Fiaz 3. Prof. Dr. Mohsina Munir

Abstract:

Constant in Virjil Gheorghiu rendered great services to Islām. He was also an historian and the writer of a Sīrah book "Muhammad: Prophet of Islām" that earned worldwide acclaim.Muhammad Asad was an Austrian Jew. At the tender age of 22, he started his career as a correspondent for the “Frankfurter Zeitung” one of the most esteemed newspapers of Germany and Europe. Later his joining as a journalist he travelled extensively in different countries of the Middle East and finally heconverted to a Muslim at the age of 26. His book "The Message of the Qurān" is regarded as one of the most influential renditions of the Holy Qurān in the Modern age. قال رسول ہللا صیل ہللا علیهوسلم ، االنسان نعادن کهعادن الذھب والفض ة خیارھم یف اجلاھلیة خیارھم یف االسالم اذا فقھوا Both were the most influential European Muslim converts of the 20th century. They studied Islām prior to their conversion. In the light of aforementioned hadith, an analysis will be carried out about the mental dilemmas that they lived through while studying the Holy Qurān. The questions to be explored: what are the causes and factors resulted in their conversion to Islām? What sort of transformations happened for their intellectual edification and how their philosophical approaches to the Holy Qurān relieved them from the "Darkness to the Light”?Drawing upon the writing of both scholars, this paper spells out on their pre-conversion beliefs and convictions.

Keyword(s):

Evolution, Philosophy, Qur ān, Light, Analytical, Study, Understanding

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AN ISLAMIC LEADERSHIP APPROACH TO DISASTER MANAGEMENT: A FRAMEWORK FOR THE CONTEMPORARY PANDEMIC
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

97-111

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Aqsa Tasgheer 2. Dr. Asma Shahid

Abstract:

Leadership is a vital and dynamic factor that provides guidance, confidence, inspiration, and coordination to achieve goals. A good leader not only leads individuals, but also anticipates for and responds to potential disasters as swiftly, tactically, and effectively as possible. Islam as a divine religion delivers comprehensive instructions for all spheres of life. Islamic leadership principles and practices offer an extensive and effective approach to the world's existing crisis management challenges, which need to be addressed. This article explores manifestations of effective and ethical leadership during disaster and crisis times by textual proof of the Quran and narrations of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). A rich convention of disaster and crisis management by leadership exists in Islam. By applying the qualitative method, this paper will analyze disaster management strategies in the context of Islamic leadership models highlighting Quranic verses and hadiths. This study aims to investigate the disaster administration tactics used by Islamic leaders such as Noah (A.S), Yusuf (A.S) Holy Prophet (PBUH), and his companions.

Keyword(s):

Leadership, Disaster, Crisis, Management, Islam, Pandemic.

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THE IMPACT OF ISLAMOPHOBIA ON SOCIETY, ATTITUDE, POLICIES AND THE YOUTH
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

112-136

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

Dr. Syeda Sadia

Abstract:

Since decades, the surge of off-putting stereotyping has been pursuing and trailing the Muslim World in divergent guise and farms; as time before the terms like “Red Scare, Red Menace” and “Red Peril” were coined for Anti Socialist resentment by the imperialistic clouts. After the degeneration of soviet Russia, the mission of imperialistic powers turned its drift towards the Muslim caravan, which they mulled over as their new rival and antagonist, therefore the terms of “Green Menace” and “Green Movement” were formulated for slandering that socio-political thought which was being deemed as challenge for the Western dominion and authorities. Thus by pushing aside these most complicated terms, rapidly, the most aggressive and violent terms as Islamic Warriors’, Islamic fundamentalism and Islamist Terrorists were coined. The important thing is that why such terms were woven exact after the disintegration of Russia and its answer is found in the propaganda of ‘ISLAMOPHOBIA’, which is mostly interpreted as the ‘irrational fear of Islam and the Muslims as well as the denunciation of the religion Islam. After the fabricated melodrama of 9/11,this rising, disconcerting and disturbing trend of Islamophobia has been turning into an alarming farm by suppressing socially, marginalizing economically, persecuting religiously and upsetting Muslims with variety of angels across the world in general and in the West in special. These impacts are becoming worst day by day due to the wrong projection of Islam and Muslims through the Zionist means of transmission in farm of nefarious Media Exclusively in the West it is perceiving as a “New Challenge”, and for contesting with their this woven Menace they have been presenting the slogans of globalization and democracy with changed complicated policies wrapping in novel ways. In an idiosyncratic way, Islamophobic manifestations are snubbing and putting havoc and drastic impacts on Muslim youth from religious to social, individual to collective and from verbal to physical level of repression, abuse, vandalizing and exclusion from all wings of life. However, this study would throw light that how this mounting phobia of racism is changing the multicultural societies, their policies and attitudes towards minorities expressly the Muslims. As reflected from Quran and Seerah, this research paper would also present some commendations to cope up and overcome the increasing impacts of Islamophobic campaigns over the last couples of decades. Thus, the motion of this work are as following.

Keyword(s):

Islamophobia, Anti-Islamic sentiments, Negative projection, Changed policies, Effective Measures

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قرآنی اصطلاح "قوام" کا تصور، قدیم و جدید مفاہیم اور عصر حاضر میں ان کی معنویت
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

1-13

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Dr. Muhammad Abubakar Siddique 2. Prof. Dr. Shah Mueenud Din Hashmi

Abstract:

Muslim family system is based on the Qur’anic concept of “Qawam”. According to this Qur’anic verse, men have been made "Qawam" over women.In the present situation, the Muslim family system is facing many problems due to which some important questions related to the term Qawam have come up which can be answered in the light of the definitions of Qawam, opinions of jurists and interpretations of commentators. (1) In the present times, the economic conditions have changed a lot and women's participation in household chores and responsibilities is becoming equal to that of men. Or can women join in?(2) Sometimes a woman is financially superior to a man, her share in almsgiving is complete or more than that of a man. If so, can it be a rule?(3) Sometimes a man suffers from mental or psychiatric illness or due to being physically handicapped, his family life becomes like a suspended organ and the woman becomes active instead of the man. When a woman is fulfilling all or most of the responsibilities of a man and all the reasons for the virtue of a man are present in a woman, can it be considered as Qawam or be granted the virtue of men?(4) Sometimes men move to abroad for the purpose of education or job, in the absence of which women are responsible for all the decisions of household transactions, child rearing and home care and family life, to which she is paying well. If so, can they become a shareholder in such a case?(5) In some cases, the woman is highly educated, while the man is illiterate and the woman is superior to the man in knowledge, foresight and understanding. A comprehensive selection of modern and classic Muslim scholar regarding interpretation of the Qawam and other related issues like powers and responsibilities will be discussed in this study.

Keyword(s):

Qawwam, Concept of men superiority, Quranic Term, is the men superior? Women in Islam

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حدیث "انزل القرآن علی سبعۃ احرف" اور امام طبری کی تعبیرات
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

14-33

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

Dr. Muniba Rizvi

Abstract:

“Ulūm al-Qur’ān” is that science in which the words of the Qur’ān, their inscription and meanings are discussed. Among the sciences related to the Qur’ānic words, the Science of Readings gained the highest prominence. The Science of Seven Dialects is the most important one among the Science of Readings and is controversial. The scholars immensely dissent in the meaning of Seven Dialects; therefore, among the most important and noteworthy stances in the interpretation and elucidation of the subject terminology, Imām Ṭabarī’spoint of view is significantly notable. Imām Ṭabarī is the one who initiated the detailed discussion on the subject and quoted approximately 60 traditions; indeed he himself adopted a distinguished stance to expound the veracity of the Seven Dialects. He asserted that the Qur’ān was revealed on seven languages of Arabs which means that it was revealed on seven synonymous words; out of those seven, six were declared abandoned and the Qur’ān was preserved on only one. To support and validate his stance, he provided very strong evidences. He also mentioned every possible argument and objection on his stance and transcribed his substantial response to them. All this discussion has been narrated in the preface of his exegesis “Jāmi’ al-Bayān ‘an Tāwīl ‘Āy al- Qur’ān”. In this research paper, the findings of Imām Ṭabarī with respect to the Seven Dialects will be elaborated in accordance to the following points: 1. What is the meaning of Seven Dialects and what is the root cause of dissension in the interpretation of its meaning? 2. What is the stance of Imām Ṭabarī about Seven Dialects and what are his demonstrations against the stance; who were the scholars in later generations to accept and support his stance? 3. Critical review of Imām Ṭabarī ’s arguments regarding Seven Dialects.

Keyword(s):

Seven Dialects, Imām Ṭabarī,Jāmi’al-Bayān,Interpretation, Seven synonymous words

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میثاقِ مدینہ کی اسنادی اورتشریحی حیثیت کا تجزیاتی جائزہ
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

34-47

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Dr. Abdulrahman Khalid Madni 2. Ms. Fatima Khan

Abstract:

The charter of Madina is the base to construct a society as a role model. For this purpose, our beloved Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) made the treaty according to the situation of whole society. The Treaty of Madina includes Oneness of Allah, authority of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), written constitution, concept of Ummah, rights of women, freedom in religious practices, rule of law, strong defense system, economic stability, human rights, place of peace etc. On the other hand, historians talk about the authenticity of charter. Some of them having different stance which mention below. However,the charter’sarticles commonly implementable in every era.

Keyword(s):

written constitution, religious practices, defense system, economic stability, human rights

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عائلی نظام زندگی میں عدم برداشت کا بڑھتا ہوا رجحان اور تعلیمات نبویﷺ
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

48-64

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Irfan Jafar 2. Muhammad Junaid

Abstract:

The family system is based on the relationship of spouses, children and parent. However, to strengthen this system of life, both men and women have equal responsibilities. Because the existence of the family system is due to the positive role of both of them. Today, intolerānce is on the rise in our family life, which has led to an increase in the rate of divorce, ill-treatment of children, physical and mental abuse of women, non-payment of rights to parents, children and wives. There is a growing trend of court marriages, domestic violence, indecent acts, nakedness, sexual harassment and many other unresolved issues. This trend of intolerānce is the root cause of our family problems. In this article, the solution to the growing trend of intolerance in our family life is presented in the light of the teachings of the Holy ProphetMuḥammadﷺ

Keyword(s):

Society, Family system, Intolerance, Tolerance, Teachings of the Holy Prophet

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مطالعہ حدیث میں ڈاکٹر جمیلہ شوکت کی مساعی – ایک تجزیاتی مطالعہ
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

66-78

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

Dr. Amina Batool

Abstract:

All praise be to Allah, Lord of Worlds .Peace and blessing of Allah be upon our prophet Muhammad and his family and companions. It is great blessing of Allah Almighty on this 'ummah' that He has preserved this 'dean' from distortion and discontinuity and that is by preserving His beloved book and 'sunnah' of His beloved prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as Allah has promised in Holy Quran انا نحن نزلنا الذكر وانا له لحافظون “We have understandingly sent down the reminder and we will surely preserve it' ‘ The above promise made by Allah is obviously fulfilled in the undisputed purity of the Quranic text throughout the fourteen centuries since its revelation. Similarly Allah preserved 'Sunnah' by enabling companions (Allah be pleased with them) and those after them, to memorize, write down and pass on the statements of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and description of His way, as well as to continue the blessing of practicing. In this regard extra ordinary efforts were made by our scholars (men and women) in every period of history and in different languages. This article is an effort to highlight contributions of Dr Jamila Shaukat in Hadith studies through following of her books: 1) Studies in Hadith, 2) A biographical study of Ibn e Rahwayh and 3) Muhaddithin e Andalus. While doing so First of all her biography is presented, secondly a brief description of her works in Hadith studies is presented. The paper analyzes the above mentioned three works of Dr. Jamila Shoukat in terms of their scope, methodology and highlights their salient features.

Keyword(s):

Biography, Methodology, Salient features

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رسول اکرمﷺ کی سوتیلی اولاد کے اعزازات، امتیازات اور تخصصات
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

79-93

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

Dr. Muhammad Afzal

Abstract:

Stepfamily means a family in which at least one of the mother or father has no blood relationship with the child. One of the parents has children from the previous relationship. In the present era, many social changes and traditions are growing. The trend of divorce has increased in the society. The reason for this increase is a separate topic, but the next step after this change is the emergence of many mixed families in which one or both of the married couple have child from their former spouse .In these circumstances, step-parents need to be guided by the Holy Prophet's (P.B.U.H) examples of their responsibilities towards step-children, since the Holy Prophet's (P.B.U.H) four wives had children from ex-husbands and they lived in the Holy Prophet’s homes. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) trained them to the best of their ability and made them the best members of the society, and they could get many honors, privileges and specialties.

Keyword(s):

Step-children, Holy Prophet, responsibilities, ex-husband, honors, privileges

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علمائے فرنگی محل کی فقہی خدمات: ایک تحقیقی جائزہ
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

133-149

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Muhammad Waheed u Zaman 2. Dr. Shahzada Imran Ayub

Abstract:

In Islam, first the Quran, then Hadith and then the most studied jurisprudence. In the subcontinent, the scholars of Farangi Mahal first worked on it. One of the special features of this was that Ulema-e-Farangi Mahal, which was founded by Mullah Nizamuddin Farangi Mahal, started Dars-e-Nizami. This group of scholars did very important work on fatwas, jurisprudence, and principles of jurisprudence. The most important work is the role of the group of these scholars in the Fatwa of India known as the Fatwa of Alamgiri, Collection of Fatwas of Maulana Abdul Hai FarangiMahali, and Collection of Fatwas of Maulana Yusuf. Many other scholars who have written many books and commentaries on this knowledge are still in the hands of those who seek knowledge today.

Keyword(s):

Jahãngir, Molānā Quṭub U Dīn Shaeed Sahalvī, Molana Abdul Ḥai Farangī Maḥalī, Ulama-e-Farangī Maḥal

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مذہب اور انسانی نفسیات: عصری تحقیقات کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

150-172

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Moazzam Ali 2.Dr. Ghulam Yousaf

Abstract:

In Islam, first the Quran, then Hadith and then the most studied jurisprudence. In the subcontinent, the scholars of Farangi Mahal first worked on it. One of the special features of this was that Ulema-e-Farangi Mahal, which was founded by Mullah Nizamuddin Farangi Mahal, started Dars-e-Nizami. This group of scholars did very important work on fatwas, jurisprudence, and principles of jurisprudence. The most important work is the role of the group of these scholars in the Fatwa of India known as the Fatwa of Alamgiri, Collection of Fatwas of Maulana Abdul Hai FarangiMahali, and Collection of Fatwas of Maulana Yusuf. Many other scholars who have written many books and commentaries on this knowledge are still in the hands of those who seek knowledge today.

Keyword(s):

Jahãngir, MolānāQuṭub U DīnShaeedSahalvī, Molana Abdul ḤaiFarangīMaḥalī, Ulama-e-FarangīMaḥal

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اسلام کا نظریہ اتحاد امت اور فکرِ اقبال
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

173-185

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Dr. Hajira Mariyam 2. Dr. Ikram Ullah Khan 3. Sara Fatima

Abstract:

In Islam, first the Quran, then Hadith and then the most studied jurisprudence. In the subcontinent, the scholars of Farangi Mahal first worked on it. One of the special features of this was that Ulema-e-Farangi Mahal, which was founded by Mullah Nizamuddin Farangi Mahal, started Dars-e-Nizami. This group of scholars did very important work on fatwas, jurisprudence, and principles of jurisprudence. The most important work is the role of the group of these scholars in the Fatwa of India known as the Fatwa of Alamgiri, Collection of Fatwas of Maulana Abdul Hai FarangiMahali, and Collection of Fatwas of Maulana Yusuf. Many other scholars who have written many books and commentaries on this knowledge are still in the hands of those who seek knowledge today.

Keyword(s):

Jahãngir, MolānāQuṭub U DīnShaeedSahalvī, Molana Abdul ḤaiFarangīMaḥalī, Ulama-e-FarangīMaḥal.

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نہج التعلم از جعفر بوبکانی کاتحقیقی و تجزیاتی مطالعہ
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

186-206

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Dr. Abdul Ghaffar Madani 2. Dr. Ghulam Muhiuddin Solangi 3.Dr. Muhammad Israel Khan

Abstract:

Makhdoom Ja`far Bubakani was one of the most eminentIslamic scholars, prolific authors and an earlier educationist of Sindh. He had made his great contribution in various disciplines including Islamic epistemology and education.He wrote two books on the significance of education, and educational system according to Islamic perspectives, His first book Nahj-ut-ta`llum, (the method of education), summarized in his Persian versionHasil-ul-nahj (digest of the method), In Nahj-ut-Ta`llumMakhdoomJa`farBubakaniprovides details about meaning of knowledge, wisdom and jurisprudence, He further identifies the intention behind accruing of knowledge. He classified the knowledge in three major types, i.e.Uloom-e-Sharia, Uloom-e-Adbia, Uloom-e-Hikmia.Furthermore, he suggested the authentic books relevant to the types of knowledge.He also clarifiedthe permissible and non permissible knowledge. In Nahj-ut-Ta`llum he collected the noble pearls and etiquette for teacher and students, and also incorporated some basic and fundamental principles of knowledge for learner and teachers. He discussed the some other important principles of accruing of knowledge and factors destructive of knowledge. He also argued the casuses of retention and foregetfulness. This comprehensive book is divided into twenty chapters, which are mostly addressed all aspects required in thedevelopment of knowledge. This brief study sought to understand the Makhdoomja`far`sComprehensive work on education based, Nahj-ut-Ta`llum. This study examines the requirements for quality learning and teaching in Islam from the perspective of MakhdoomJa`farBubakaniand according to his book, Nahj-ut-ta`llum. This study may also justify thatNahj-ut-Ta`llum is one of the well-known books on the Islamic educational though.

Keyword(s):

Ja`farbubakani, Sindh, Nahj-ul-Ta`llum, method, education, jurisprudence, classification, Knowledge

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وعظ و تذکیر کے میدان میں مفتی محمد تقی عثمانی مدظلہم کی خدمات کا جائزہ
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

207-219

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

Suhima Sardar

Abstract:

In Islam, first the Quran, then Hadith and then the most studied jurisprudence. In the subcontinent, the scholars of Farangi Mahal first worked on it. One of the special features of this was that Ulema-e-Farangi Mahal, which was founded by Mullah Nizamuddin Farangi Mahal, started Dars-e-Nizami. This group of scholars did very important work on fatwas, jurisprudence, and principles of jurisprudence. The most important work is the role of the group of these scholars in the Fatwa of India known as the Fatwa of Alamgiri, Collection of Fatwas of Maulana Abdul Hai FarangiMahali, and Collection of Fatwas of Maulana Yusuf. Many other scholars who have written many books and commentaries on this knowledge are still in the hands of those who seek knowledge today.

Keyword(s):

Jahãngir, MolānāQuṭub U DīnShaeedSahalvī, Molana Abdul ḤaiFarangīMaḥalī, Ulama-e-FarangīMaḥal

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تصور اقامت دین پر اردو لٹریچر کے اثرات ونتائج
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

220-233

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Anayat ur Rehman 2. Dr. Muhammad Imran Malik 3. Dr. Iffat Tahira

Abstract:

This article explains the effects and consequences of Urdu literature on the concept of Iqamet_Deen.To Aqamet e Deen; with reference to Urdu literature, valuables services have been rendered by Islamic scholars, thinkers and poets in order to save the people from the influences of western materialistic and atheistic system of education and civilization.in this regard mulana Shibli Nomani started with the paractical foundation of Darul Aloom Nadwatul ulma.Later on,the prominent personalities have adopted this mission are Shah wali ullah, (R.A)Dr Allama Iqbal (RA) Allama Shabbir Ahmad Usmani and Syed Muduudi(R.A)are who spread the words through their speechs and writings created political awarenace among Muslims. This Urdu literature have a significant impacts that Muslims started the struggle for the establishment of an islamic state The Qualitative research method used in this article.

Keyword(s):

Urdu literature, Iqamat e Den, influences, political, awareness, Islamic Estate.

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عربی و پنجابی زبان کے لسانی و روابط
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

120-133

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Ghulam Mustafa 2. Dr. Samiullah

Abstract:

This article based on the two Oriental Languages Arabic and Punjabi. Arabic is the Islamic Language and Punjabi is the local language of Punjab either Pakistan or India. In this article firstly the history of Arabic is discussed that how and when it adventured into the sub-continent and then how it is mixed with the people of Punjab whom mother tongue was Punjabi.A number of people specially in Pakistan even don’t understand the meanings of Arabic during Prayer but with the help of Punjabi Language.One more thing, Arabic is the Oldest Language ever also popular and hounrable for Muslims,also the Punjabi language is mostly spoken in all over the Indo Pakistan areas.Like other languages Punjabi language also took many things from Arabic like manuscript etc. I hope this article will help to strengthen the both languages in future. In shaAllah.

Keyword(s):

Oriental Languages, Arabic and Punjabi,history of Arabic,Muhammad Bin Qasim,Advent of Arabic in the Sub continent.

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خریدوفروخت کے مسائل میں عرف و عادت کا استعمال- الھدایہ کا خصوصی مطالعہ
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

94-119

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1. Dr. Kalsoom Paracha 2. Maria Abbas

Abstract:

Customs and habits are related to the things on which the Shari'ah has based various commands and has made customs and habits the standard of these things. It is a necessary qualification for a judge and a mufti. The Shari'ah has also declared it valid because the forms of life go through evolutionary stages and take on new forms day by day, and if they are not observed, there is an impediment to the progress of life and religion. There is a question mark over the universal teachings of In view of these matters, the scholars have not only relied on the custom and custom of deriving the commands, but have also laid down the rules of jurisprudence in this context, by which the form of legitimacy and invalidity becomes clear. In the case of buying and selling, a special study has been done on the use of custom and habit and its validity and invalidity. The second part is based on the specific jurisprudential details in which Sahib Hidayah has elaborated and explained the rules of jurisprudence through the use of custom and habit, as well as some modern financial issues in this article. It has been incorporated under it so that these modern forms can come to the fore.

Keyword(s):

Customs, Habits, Hidayah,Shari’ah

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THE QUANTUM OF COMPENSATION FOR KHUL‘ IN ISLAMIC LAW AND LEGAL SYSTEM OF PAKISTAN WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCE TO CASE LAW OF SUPERIOR COURTS
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

137-151

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Siddique

Abstract:

The Holy Qur’an has evidently stated the objective of marriage as mawaddah and rahmah (love & mercy). This must be adopted by husband and wife throughout their whole marital life. But, if due to unavoidable reasons their married relationship could not go beyond then it becomes essential for them to be parted. Marriage can be dissolved in many ways; dissolution of marriage by husband, through the court of law, with mutual consent of spouses, and several grounds denoted by the Muslim jurists and Pakistani law as mentioned in section 2 of Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act 1939, and some others types of dissolution like Li‘ān, Zihar, Ῑlā’. Before the advent of Islam, the woman was not having or granted any right to dissolve her marriage or ask for divorce whatsoever the reasons and circumstances but Islam permits the dissolution of marriage at the request of a wife by the consent of the spouses or through the court of law or right is delegated to her for dissolution of marriage and she becomes independent to separate herself whenever she thinks that their marital companionship could not go longer. Ending the marriage tie is not recommended or encouraged in the true spirit of Islamic law for the husband and as well as for wife. But it is considered a disliked or disapproved act and a woman who demands separation without any valid ground would be deprived of paradise. Khul‘ is a type of divorce in lieu of money paid by the wife to the husband. The present research discusses the quantum of an amount to be paid in Khul‘. It also denotes what could be the nature of compensation by analyzing the opinions of Muslim jurists. This paper specifies the nature of considerations to be made in Khul‘ and what the effect could be if the amount is not mentioned. The present work focuses on the role of the superior judiciary on the quantum of money in Khul‘ by examining the case law.

Keyword(s):

Khul‘, Islāmic Law, Family Law, Women’s rights, Pakistani Law, Superior Courts

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سیرت طیبہ کی روشنی میں وحدت امت، ملکی سالمیت اور ہم آہنگی میں عدلیہ کا کردار
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

234-251

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

Dr. Kaniz Fatima

Abstract:

Any civilized nation cannot deny the importance of judiciary. No nation has been seen which has taken deterioration and disruption as pride. Disagreement and dispute are compulsory part of human nature. If a powerful authority is not under control to prevent the strong from defrauding the weak then it would result in National disputes. This is the reason why Islam has insisted on judiciary for National Integrity, solidarity and harmony. Islamic judicial has been divided into 3 periods. 1st period extends from Hijrat of Prophet S.A.W to 150 years. It was the initial period and during this period, the judiciary was also in its initial stages. 2nd period starts from the construction of Abbasid capital Baghdad. 3rd period is when Sultan Abdul Majeed Sani made reforms in Khilafat e Usmania then he established judiciary according to French law. Judiciary has been given great importance in Islam. Allah has sent Prophet S.A.W for the establishment of Allah's quality of justice. So, he worked to establish such a system of judiciary. Allah says: ان اللہ يامرو بالعدل والاحسان القرآن 5: 42 Translation:" Verily Allah gives the command of Justice and equality."

Keyword(s):

Seerah, National Solidarity, Integrity, role.

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خنزیر کے دل کی انسانی جسم میں پیوندکاری کی شرعی حیثیت: ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

252-262

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Dr. Raja Majid Moazzam 2. Dr. Fareed ud Din Tariq 3. Muhammad Toseef

Abstract:

Sadness and illness are essential parts of human life. It is human nature to always want to be happy and healthy. This is the reason why he paid special attention to the treatment of various diseases with the passage of time. One type of this treatment is transplantation. Transplantation and surgery process have been going on since ancient times in different nations of the world. In present century, in the field of transplant and surgery a huge development happened and came into being its different methods, purpose and shapes. Recently, in America, a pig heart transplant to human body. In this situation a question is that what is the teaching of Islam in this regard? This is allowed or not in Islamic law. To answer these questions, this article includes research study of the reality of transplant, its purposes, and different situations in Islamic perspective.

Keyword(s):

Transplantation, Surgery, Islamic law, America, Sadness, illness.

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موقوف روایات سے استدلال : محدثین اور فقہاء کی آرا کاتحقیقی وتنقیدی مطالعہ
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

263-279

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Mirza Safdar Baig 2. Dr. Shahida Parveen

Abstract:

The Holy Qur'an was revealed to the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). The companions (May Allah be pleased with them) were the first and foremost beneficiaries from the teachings of the Holy Qur'an and Hadith. The Companions read the commandments of the Holy Qur'an and the hadiths of the Prophet (ﷺ) and put them into practice. It all came down to us in the form of Mawqūf traditions. Regarding the Companions, Allah Almighty said: If people believe like you, they will be guided. Traditions regarding the faith and deeds of the Companions are found in the form of Mawqūf narrations. That is why Mawqūf traditions are important. There is a difference of opinion as to the reasoning behind the Mawqūf traditions. This article examines the views of Muhaddithin and jurists regarding the Mawqūf traditions. In this article, the lexical discussions of the Mawqūf traditions have been discussed. Whether they have an argument or not has been debated. What is the method of reasoning of the muhaddithin from the Mawqūf traditions? How have they argued with them? The jurists of the ummah who took the correct interpretation of the religion and laid down the rules and regulations for it. It has been explained in detail how these traditions have been reasoned with in view of the principles. Similarly, a brief biography of the four jurists as well as what were their basic principles for inference in the rules of jurisprudence has been discussed in detail.

Keyword(s):

Holy Qur'an,Holy Prophet (ﷺ), foremost beneficiaries, Mawqūf traditions ,correct interpretation of the religion, basic principles for inference.

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رواداری اور صوفیاء کا طرزِ عمل (کشف المحجوب کا اختصاصی مطالعہ)
Language:

Urdu

DOI:

Pages:

280-302

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Muhammad Ismaeel 2. Muhammad Sohail

Abstract:

Islam is by virtue of its literal meanings stands for peace, tranquility and harmony among human beings and the Islam is the religion of love by attitude and behavior of its followers. No doubt the pure and spiritual aspect of Islam is Sufism or Mysticism. Love, peace, harmony and betterment of mankind are the basis of Islamic Sufism.Hazrat Ali bn 'Uthman Al Hajwairi was the first Saint who sowed the seeds of Islam in Lahore. Hwjwairi belonged to the Junaidia school of Sufism, have a murshid (spiritual master). Hazrat Ali Hajwairi’s teachings were based on the pillars of ‘Tawheed’ (oneness of God) ‘Taqwa’ (God-fearing piety), ‘Ikhlas’ (purity) and Unity among the people and society. During the reign ofHijwairi, People were divided into several castes, and treated accordingly by the self-proclaimed high-caste Brahmins. In this scenario, the Hajwairi wrote the Kashf al-Mahjub (The Revelation of the Veiled).it is work on the Early Persian Treatise on Sufism. Kashfulmahjoob puts emphasis on the unity of mankind, doing good, repentance, piety, patience, equitability, trustiness, justice, humble submission gentleness, harmony, and love to mankind,On the other hand Hijwairi dislikes transgression, incendiarism, oppression, disregarders, and deception. Along with all these does and don’ts Ali hijwairi orders his followers. The real Sufism struggles to develop a man-fermented from love, messenger of Ishq, representative of peace, and servant of mankind and beneficial to all are the open proof of this reality. It is an unfortunate phenomenon of today that instead of living in harmony and peace on strictly humanitarian grounds people are being shown to be mutually inimical. Present Terrorism a unique challenge through all over the world, especially in Muslim countries. In this situation, it is the duty of all Muslims to show the original Islamic teachings which are practiced by sufism like Alihajwairi. All people should educate to understand the real Islamic sufism teachings for creation of peace and harmony in all over the world.

Keyword(s):

Harmony, peace, terrorism, Ali bn 'Uthman, Kashf al-Mahjub

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THE SHARI’AH RULINGS ABOUT THE PERMISSIBILITY OF REPTILES (AN ANALYTICAL REVIEW)
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

152-164

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

1.Dr. Aqsa 2. Dr. Abdul Basit Khan

Abstract:

Islamic jurisprudence specifies which foods are lawful and which are unlawful. The commandments found in the Qur'an, and Sunnāh reveals that “God created every living creature from water. Some of them walk on their bellies, some walk on two legs, and some walk on four. God creates whatever He wills. God is Omnipotent”. (Quran 24:45) The basic research question in this article is that Reptiles are lawful or unlawful for the eating purpose of human being. In this perspective it is stated that there are many deviated exegeses for permissible and forbidden of reptiles in each school of thought. Reptiles are tetra pod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising turtles, crocodilians, snakes, and their extinct relatives. The study of these traditional reptile orders, historically combined with that of modern amphibians or reptiles, is called herpetology. The following research question is addressed in this article that the modern zoology divided animals into different classes. According to this all aquatic animals are permissible or forbidden or they are described in details. This objective also addresses that what is the opinion of ancient and modern jurists about the condition and sanctity of animals? In Hanāfi school of thought: all reptiles are forbidden to eat because they are harmful. In Shafaii school of thought: also said that all reptiles are forbidden to eat. Māliki school of thought: all reptiles are forbidden only certain type of frogs may be eaten. But the rule is that everything which we are forbidden to kill, we are not allowed to eat because the correct view is that to be on the safe side. Hanbli school of thought: Crocodile and Frogs are forbidden to eat but turtle is permissible to eat after slaughtering. In Shia school of thought: all are forbidden. In summarized, the rule is that in the case of animals that live both on land and water, the rules concerning land animals should be given precedence, to be on the safe side.

Keyword(s):

Permissible, Forbidden, Amphibians, Reptiles, Jurisprudence

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OBJECTIVES OF THE QUR’AN: AN ANALYSIS
Language:

English

DOI:

Pages:

165-177

Volume & Issue:

10 - 11

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Author(s):

Prof. Dr. Israr Ahmad Khan

Abstract:

The only Holy Scripture which is despite countless of vicissitudes in the world and passage of long time, a bit over fifteen centuries, still intact with its pristine purity is the Last and the Final revelation from Allah, the Qur’an. One of its verses (2:185) shed ample light on its objectives: “In the month of Ramadan was revealed the Qur’an, as the guidance to the mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the criterion”. The three purposes of the Qur’an, as mentioned in the verse, are (1) to show the right way to the entire mankind, (2) to serve as conclusive testimonies to the guidance, and (3) to distinguish between the right and the wrong. Yet, this statement on the objectives of the Qur’an needs further elaboration in the light of many other verses of the Qur’an. Reflection over the verses concerned lead the mind to the objectives of the Qur’an in a concrete manner: (1) unconditional submission to Allah, the Creator, the Sustainer, the Provider, the Controller of the universe, (2) sincere obedience to the Last Prophet (s.a.w.), (3) orientation of human individuals, and (4) active formation of true human society. This paper represents a humble attempt to deliberate over these dimensions of the Qur’anic objectives. The methodology applied to the task is critical analysis. The conclusion arrived at in the paper is that the Qur’an seeks to form and reform human individuals and the society as per its own rules.

Keyword(s):

The Qur’an, Objectives, Submission to Allah, Obedience to the Last Prophet (s.a.w.), Orientation, Formation of Society.